Iraqi Kurdistan Front
- (IKF)The Iraqi Kurdistan Front was a noteworthy attempt to achieve much-needed unity among the Iraqi Kurds, who historically have been notoriously divided. It was announced in principle in July 1987 and formally in May 1988 as the Iran-Iraq War was nearing its climax. Iran played an important role in bringing the two main Kurdish parties — the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)—together. Six other smaller parties also eventually joined: the Socialist Party of Kurdistan in Iraq (SPKI) led by Rasul Mamand, with Mahmud Osman as a prominent member; the Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party (KPDP) led by Muhammad "Sami" Abdul Rahman; the Kurdish Socialist Party (PASOK) headed by a collective leadership; the Kurdish Branch or Section of the Iraqi Communist Party led by Aziz Muhammad; the Assyrian Democratic Movement; and the Kurdistan Toilers Party led by Kadir Jabari. On the other hand, the various Islamic groups (who taken together probably represented the third strongest force among the Iraqi Kurds) did not join the IKF. In addition, the Turkoman groups also remained aloof.Upon its creation, the IKF declared that its main goals were to overthrow the Baathist regime of Saddam Hussein, establish a genuinely democratic government in Iraq, and develop a federal status for the Kurds in Iraq. Jalal Talabani and Massoud Barzani became the Front's co-presidents.Although crushed in September 1988 at the end of the Iran-Iraq War and again in April 1991 following the aborted uprising that ensued after Saddam Hussein's defeat in the first Gulf War, the IKF subsequently came to power when the victorious allies instituted a safe haven and no-fly zone to protect the Kurds. Behind this protection, the IKF held regional elections in May 1992 that led to the formation of a parliament in June and a Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in July that represented a higher form of Kurdish unity and thus replaced the IKF.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
Look at other dictionaries:
Iraqi Accord Front — Jabahat al Tawafuq جبهة التوافق العراقية Founded 2005 (2005) Ideology Sunni Islamism Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq … Wikipedia
Iraqi Kurdistan — (Kurdish) ههرێمی کوردستان, Herêmî Kurdistan (Arabic) إقليم كردستان العراق … Wikipedia
Kurdistan Toilers' Party — ( ku. Parti Zahmatkeshan Kurdistan) founded according to the party in 1985, is a splinter from the Kurdistan Socialist Party of Iraq, and later a member of the Iraqi Kurdistan Front. Led by Khalid Zangana and now by Qadir Aziz.It publishes the… … Wikipedia
Iraqi Communist Party — (ICP) The Iraqi Communist Party was founded in 1935 and for many years was the most successful communist party in the Middle East. The absence of a Kurdish communist party for most of the time led what few Kurdish intellectuals there were to… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Iraqi parliamentary election, December 2005 — 2005 (Jan) ← 15 December 2005 → 2010 … Wikipedia
Iraqi National Congress — المؤتمر الوطني العراقي Leader Ahmad Chalabi Founded 1992 Headquarters Iraq Ideology Secularism, Libe … Wikipedia
Iraqi Armed Forces — Iraq Ministry of Defence emblem Founded 1921 Current form 2003 Service branches … Wikipedia
Iraqi Army — Active 1921 present Country Iraq Branch Army Size some 770,000 (2011 est.) Part of Ministry of Defence … Wikipedia
KURDISTAN — KURDISTAN, region in the Middle East, divided among three countries: turkey , iraq , and iran . The majority of the Muslim population of Kurdistan lives in Turkey, another part in Iran, and the smallest part in Iraq. In contrast, the Jews of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Kurdistan Development Corporation — Kurdistan Development CorporationThe Kurdistan Development Corporation (KDC), a partnership with the [http://www.krg.org Kurdish Regional Government] (KRG), is an investment holdings and trading company with offices in London, Berlin and Erbil,… … Wikipedia